By disposing of kitchen waste, you not only help the ecology of the planet, but also provide your site with effective, and most importantly, environmentally friendly fertilizers.
An average family of three leaves behind about 400-500 kg of organic substances annually! Safe processing of household waste has long ceased to be a problem in individual regions and has acquired a truly global scale. Especially dangerous for the environment is the most common way of processing food waste – landfill.
In the course of its decomposition, organic waste that has ended up in a landfill emits a huge amount of gases that freely enter the air and groundwater. And although a global solution to this problem is an issue that must be resolved at the highest level, it is quite possible to reduce the amount of food waste separately. By converting organic waste from your trash can into compost, you are killing two birds with one stone – helping the environment and making fertilizer for your suburban area.
Sleep tea leaves can be used in a variety of ways. From fertilizer use to mulching. Most of the nutrients are found in large leaf tea. Potassium is necessary for plants during the period of fruit ripening, calcium is involved in carbohydrate and protein metabolism, magnesium is vital for plants for photosynthesis, manganese accelerates the growth of the root system, sodium is responsible for metabolism, and iron is part of chemical compounds involved in plant respiration. The tea also contains tannins that stimulate decomposition processes, thus accelerating the maturation of the compost. To saturate the soil with nitrogen, dig in some tea leaves in the top layer of the soil and near the trunk circles.
For feeding long-planted plants, you can use fresh tea leaves, but “new settlers” will benefit only from dry.
Good news for those who cannot imagine their morning without a cup of strong aromatic coffee. Now, to all the comments that this drink does not bring any benefit to your health, you can safely answer that you drink it solely for the benefit of your suburban area. Experts still cannot agree on the use of coffee to feed plants that do not like acidic soils. The fact is that the grains of this drink are distinguished by high acidity, however, recent research suggests that the sleeping brew has a neutral acidity level, and therefore it can be used to feed any plants, for example, trees.
Pre-dried coffee grounds are introduced into shallow (5-7 cm) holes, 1-2 glasses per tree, depending on its size. Then the hole is carefully sprinkled with earth and loosened.
Languishing under the hot southern sun, bananas managed to accumulate many different nutrients. The skins of these exotic fruits decompose very quickly, making them an excellent feeding ingredient. There are several ways to prepare such fertilizer. Banana peels can be oven dried, frozen, or composted.
To prepare a liquid feed for watering greenhouse plants, pour 3 liters of water into the skins of three medium-sized bananas and leave in a dark place for 2-3 days. Strain the resulting infusion and add another 3 liters of water.
Orange peels contain much more vitamins A, C and E than pulp. The rind is rich in potassium, phosphorus, sodium, flavonoids and pectins. That is why orange peels are widely used in summer cottages. To improve the quality of the soil, the skins are dug into the ground to a depth of 5 cm. This will saturate the soil with nitrogen and improve seed germination. And by adding it to the compost, you will solve two problems at once: provide fertilization with a nutrient medium for microflora and scare away insects from the substrate.
To speed up the process of decomposition of the peel, wash and chop it thoroughly.
Onion peel contains a whole range of nutrients: vitamins A, C, PP, group B, potassium and phosphorus. In addition to everything, this vegetable is rich in antioxidants and phytoncides. The former strengthens the immune system, and the latter serve as excellent protection against pests and pathogenic bacteria. Most often, husk-based infusions are used just for pest control. However, the use of onions for the preparation of dressings is no less useful. Tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, carrots, cucumbers, zucchini and pumpkins respond well to the introduction of such funds.
To prepare the top dressing, pour 1 liter of husk with 8 liters of boiling water and let it brew for 24 hours. Strain the infusion and add water (1: 5). Such a tool can be used not only for outdoor but also for indoor plants.
Potatoes contain a large amount of starch, glucose, organic acids, vitamin C, fats and mineral salts. The peelings of this vegetable are quickly processed by bacteria, as a result of which nutrients enter the soil. This not only improves soil fertility, but also positively affects the health of crops. Not to mention that the heat generated during the decay process quickly warms up the soil. An additional advantage of potato peelings is that when using this raw material, weeds almost do not grow, as is usually the case when composting or manure is applied to the soil. However, not all crops respond equally positively to feeding with products based on this raw material. Tomatoes, eggplants and peppers share pests with potatoes,
Eggshells can be used not only as fertilizer, but also as a baking powder or pest repellent. It contains a large amount of calcium carbonate (92-95%), as well as other useful substances: magnesium, silicon, potassium, phosphorus and many others. The main advantage of egg shell dressing is its complete safety for plants. Using this substrate, it is almost impossible to harm plants.
To prepare the top dressing, pour 100 g of egg flour with 1 liter of water and leave it in a dark place for 2 weeks. Dilute the resulting infusion with water (1: 3) and pour over all cultures.
Using kitchen waste in a personal plot is useful not only for our planet, but also for your garden and wallet.